Saturday, April 20, 2024
ADVT 
Spotlight

Documentary filmmaker Nisha Pahuja: “You have to be very comfortable in chaos.”

Jorge Castillo Darpan, 24 May, 2023
  • Documentary filmmaker Nisha Pahuja: “You have to be very comfortable in chaos.”

Few documentary filmmakers have been as daring as Nisha Pahuja in portraying social issues in India. Her most notable film, The World Before Her focused on two young women following radically diverging paths: one wants to become Miss India, and the other, a radical Hindu nationalist. What stays with the viewer are not the differences but the similarities.

Pahuja’s latest film, To Kill a Tiger, zeroes in on the gang rape of a 13-year-old (“J”) in a small town in Jharkhand, Eastern India. While the community leaders recommend the girl marry one of the perpetrators to ‘restore her honour,’ her father, Ranjit, chooses to pursue justice through the courts. Tensions rise to the boiling point, but Ranjit remains steadfast in his decision to stand by his daughter.

To Kill a Tiger initially started as a different film, focusing on an NGO creating awareness among men and boys about women’s rights. Ranjit’s pursuit for justice was originally a pivotal portion of that movie, but his battle was so rare that it soon became all-encompassing. In an exclusive interview, Pahuja shares what it was like to direct To Kill a Tiger.

Documentary filmmakers have no intention to become part of their movies, but in your case, this eventually becomes untenable. Can you pinpoint when you realized you couldn’t remain on the sidelines?

Just by virtue of being a documentary filmmaker, you have an impact. We alter a place by entering it because the camera isn’t a neutral agent. With “To Kill a Tiger,” very early on, I realized I was having an effect on the village and the family. I was constantly asking Ranjit, the lawyers in the court case, and even the NGO if our presence was forcing a particular outcome. 

As the day of the verdict approached, you and your team found yourselves in a dire situation. Were you surprised by the possibility of violence?

I knew this was a sensitive matter, and there was anger. Periodically I encountered resistance. You walked into the village and knew people were talking about you and weren’t happy that you were there. We had many conversations about how we were going to deal with confrontation. But when it actually happened, the feeling I had was shame. I was ashamed of myself. I knew we were doing the right thing—pushing back against a system of prejudice and a lack of justice—but I felt responsible; I was worried for my crew and scared for Ranjit’s family. I also thought, “Who am I to come into an ecosystem and unravel it?”

How do you keep it together when you hear arguments about marrying the girl to one of her attackers?

I grew up in that culture, with the same prejudices at the bottom of that argument—it’s the girl’s fault, what will people think—so I’m very familiar with those attitudes. I’m not offended because I’ve heard them so many times. I go into a more philosophical headspace: my main concern is how we will fix this deeply broken system. I used to see it as a male issue, but not anymore. I see it as a systemic problem in which men and women play pre-assigned roles. For the community, marrying the victim to the attacker is the only way to restore her honour. They think they’re helping the situation. Of course, we know it shouldn’t be like that. Human rights must trump everything else, and we must fight for that.

What was the most challenging aspect of making this documentary?

The first few months of filming with the family. I knew they weren’t being themselves and weren’t entirely comfortable with me. I was worried because the last thing you want is to make a film that feels inauthentic. I don’t make essay films; my films are all character-driven, and having a good relationship with the people I’m filming is key. I need them to trust me completely; otherwise, I don’t enjoy the process. The hardest part was to get Ranjit to that point. The kids were pretty good. With “J,” I was more uncomfortable filming her than she was with being filmed.

During this process, what did you learn as a filmmaker?

With this film, I really felt like a director, that I had what it takes to follow a story. It seems easy, but it takes a particular skill in the field, and I realized I had it: the ability to be proactive and reactive. You have to be very comfortable in chaos when working in a verité-driven documentary film. The other thing I learned is how complicated these stories are. You get into a minefield when you make this kind of film. You’re dealing with very vulnerable people, power dynamics, the repercussions of violence… It’s a big responsibility, and you’ve got to take it seriously.

Note: To Kill a Tiger is currently playing in festivals and will eventually be available for streaming on the National Film Board’s web platform NFB.ca.

MORE Spotlight ARTICLES

Storyteller with a Story: Harpo Mander

Storyteller with a Story: Harpo Mander

Brown Girl Guilt was born, a podcast through which Harpo provides language to the shared experiences of brown girls and unpacks her brown girl guilt, while continuously exploring what a world without that guilt looks like. In 2022 alone, Harpo released 28 Brown Girl Guilt episodes, which were listened to across 79 countries. 

Setting the Pace: Jeevan Singh Badwal - Vancouver Whitecaps FC’s Rising Centre Midfielder

Setting the Pace: Jeevan Singh Badwal - Vancouver Whitecaps FC’s Rising Centre Midfielder

Earlier this year, he was selected for the Canada U-17 men’s soccer team that played the 2023 Concacaf Men’s Under-17 Championship in Guatemala, beating Puerto Rico 3-0 in the quarterfinals to qualify for the 2023 FIFA U-17 World Cup that will be played in November. 

Gems of VPD: Sergeant Raj and Constable Jaswal

Gems of VPD: Sergeant Raj and Constable Jaswal

VPD’s officers truly are role models. Not only do they keep our neighborhoods safe, but our police force acts as a beacon of hope and inspiration for generations to come. Such are the stories of two VPD gems, Sergeant Rita Raj and Constable Ardaman Jaswal. 

Nothing But Net: Jasman Sangha

Nothing But Net: Jasman Sangha

The star sportsman played street basketball with his friends during leisure time, but it wasn’t until Grade 9 that he joined his high school’s basketball team, where his natural talent for the sport surfaced. Through his teenage years, Sangha had the support of great mentors.

Meet Reel World and Real World Influencer: Tina Singh

Meet Reel World and Real World Influencer:  Tina Singh

Fast forward to today, Singh wears many hats as a mom of three boys, social media content creator, occupational therapist, and the founder of Sikh Helmets Inc. In addition to being close to her family and having the option to step away when needed, Tina wholeheartedly just loves the work she does for all the right reasons, and enjoys every second of it. 

Excellence in the Classroom and Beyond: Gurpreet Kaur Bains

Excellence in the Classroom and Beyond: Gurpreet Kaur Bains

As the Modern Languages Department Head at Surrey’s LA Matheson Secondary School (LAM), she has actively collaborated with the Ministry of Education and the Museum of Surrey in developing South Asian curriculum and teaching resources.

PrevNext