A study has found shortcomings with the process intended to serve as a check on new units for isolating federal prisoners from the general jail population.
In response to criticism of solitary confinement, the government ushered in "structured intervention units" for inmates requiring isolation to allow better access to programming and mental-health care.
Prisoners transferred to the units are supposed to be allowed out of their cells for four hours each day, with two of those hours engaged in "meaningful human contact."
According to the Correctional Service, personnel known as independent external decision makers review inmate cases on an ongoing basis, and provide binding recommendations related to their conditions and length of confinement.
However, a new study by academic experts says the reviews are "not adequate," and it cites a lack of information about the nature of the information used by the decision makers, the logic behind their findings and the timing of the implementation of their decisions.
The study was prepared by criminologists Anthony Doob and Jane Sprott and law professor Adelina Iftene using data provided by the Correctional Service.