Rahul Gandhi announced on Wednesday that he has resigned as the Congress President and that he was to blame for the party's rout in the Lok Sabha elections where it could win only 52 of the 542 seats.
In an open letter made public on his Twitter account, Gandhi, son of UPA Chairperson Sonia Gandhi, also said that the BJP's sweeping election win proved that the RSS' aim of capturing the country's institutional structure was now complete.
"As President of the Congress party, I am responsible for the loss of the 2019 election. Accountability is critical for the future growth of our party," he said in a letter that was put on his Twitter account which no longer described him as the Congress President.
"It is for this reason that I have resigned as Congress President."
The letter said: "Rebuilding the party requires hard decisions and numerous people will have to be made accountable for the failure of 2019.
It is an honour for me to serve the Congress Party, whose values and ideals have served as the lifeblood of our beautiful nation.— Rahul Gandhi (@RahulGandhi) July 3, 2019
I owe the country and my organisation a debt of tremendous gratitude and love.
Jai Hind 🇮🇳 pic.twitter.com/WWGYt5YG4V
"It would be unjust to hold others accountable but ignore my own responsibility as President of the party."
Gandhi said that while it was important for someone new to lead the Congress, "it would not be correct for me to select that person".
Earlier in the day, Gandhi told reporters: "I have already submitted my resignation and I am no longer the party chief.
"The Congress Working Committee should convene a meeting at the earliest and decide on a new party chief."
Gandhi announced on May 25, two days after the Lok Sabha election results became known, that he would resign as the Congress chief after the party was drubbed. Gandhi was himself defeated in Amethi in Uttar Pradesh but won from Wayanad in Kerala.
In his four-page letter, Gandhi said the RSS, the BJP's ideological parent, had succeeded in capturing the country's institutional structure.
He sought to question the role of the Election Commission in the 2019 Lok Sabha battle.
"A free and fair election requires the neutrality of a country's institutions -- an election cannot be fair without arbiters, a free press, an independent judiciary and a transparent Election Commission that is objective and neutral.
"Nor can an election be free if only one party has a complete monopoly on financial resources."
Gandhi said: "We didn't fight a political party in the election. Rather, we fought the entire machinery of the Indian state, every institution of which was marshalled against the opposition.
"It is now crystal clear that our once cherished institutional neutrality no longer exists in India.."
"There is a real danger that from now on, elections will go from being a determinant of India's future to a mere ritual."
Gandhi alleged that Prime Minister Narendra Modi's victory "does not negate the breath of corruption allegations against him, no amount of money and propaganda can ever hide the light of the truth".
He said he would remain "a loyal soldier of the Congress" and "a devoted son of India".